Burkina Faso: Nearly 2 million people displaced amid worst food crisis in a decade – Burkina Faso

Almost one in 10 people in Burkina Faso have been displaced by the conflict. More worryingly, the rate of severe food insecurity has almost doubled compared to last year, with more than 600,000 people in a state of emergency hunger during this lean season, warn 28 international humanitarian organizations operating in the country. An urgent increase in humanitarian aid funding is needed to respond to the current situation.

“Too often, displacement and hunger come like a blow,” said Hassane Hamadou, national director of the Norwegian Refugee Council. “People forced to move have left behind their fields and livestock. Many displaced families report having only one meal a day to allow children to eat twice. Recent waves of displacement only increase the urgency to act.

The increase in violent attacks caused more people to flee between January and July 2022 than during the whole of 2021. At the same time, major displacement shocks are becoming more frequent. Four years after its onset, the displacement crisis in Burkina Faso remains one of the three fastest growing in the world.

“We are now seeing more and more people forced to flee not their hometowns, but more and more places where they had previously sought refuge,” said Philippe Allard, director of Humanity and Inclusion at the Burkina Faso. “Each new displacement increases their vulnerability and erodes their resources and sanity.”

“For children, who make up the majority of the displaced, leaving their homes is traumatic enough, but having to flee again and again while trying to survive robs families of any chance to rebuild their lives,” said Benoit Delsarte, Country Director of Save the Children.

Ousmane, 15, is one of many children facing such uncertainty: “I have been displaced twice. It all started the day armed men came to my village and told us to follow their instructions or leave. My parents and I first sought refuge in a nearby village. Unfortunately, soon after, they arrived and burned down schools, markets and shops. We were forced to flee, again.

The town of Seytenga, near the border with Niger, was hosting more than 12,000 displaced people when it was attacked on June 11, killing dozens. In the hours and days that followed, more than 30,000 people fled Seytenga and arrived in Dori, a town that had already tripled in size since the crisis began.

Despite immense challenges to provide shelter, water, healthcare and education among other essential services, communities have come together to support each other. But more humanitarian support is needed.

“Host communities across the country have shown remarkable solidarity by hosting tens of thousands of displaced people, opening their homes and sharing their food for months, if not years,” said Antoine Sanon. , Director of World Vision’s response in Burkina Faso. “The efforts of the international community to provide life-saving assistance must match their own.

“These communities are experiencing an exceptionally difficult lean season due to the food crisis resulting, in part, from last year’s disastrous agricultural season,” said Omer Kabore, Oxfam Country Director. “The effects of climate change, mass displacement and the rising global cost of grain products have combined into a perfect storm engulfing over 3.4 million Burkinabè.”

The signatory organizations call for an urgent increase in financial resources. Eight months into the year, the humanitarian response has only 36% of the funding it needs despite soaring needs.


  • Action against Hunger
  • ALIMA (Alliance for International Medical Action)
  • CECI (Centre for International Studies and Cooperation)
  • CIAUD (International Committee for Emergency Aid and Development)
  • Concern worldwide
  • COOPI (International Cooperation)
  • Christian help
  • Danish Refugee Council
  • Geneva Call
  • To help
  • Humanity & Inclusion
  • IEDA Relief (international emergency and development aid)
  • International Rescue Committee
  • LVIA (International Association of Lay Volunteers)
  • Lutheran World Relief
  • Doctors of the World – France
  • Medicos del Mundo
  • Norwegian Refugee Council
  • Oxfam
  • International level
  • First International Emergency
  • save the children
  • Islamic Relief France
  • International Solidarity
  • Land of men
  • Welthungerhilfe
  • World Vision

**Note to editors:**

  • Humanitarian monitoring of displacement shocks indicates that 398,471 people were displaced between January and July 2022, while 335,723 were reported in 2021 in total (Source: GCORR – Rapid Response Operational Coordination Group).
  • Displaced families are disproportionately affected with 1 in 3 people food insecure, compared to 13% of the general population. Severe food insecurity affects 12% of the displaced population, compared to 3% of the general population (Source: Cadre Harmonisé)
  • 344,370 people were in phase 4 of food insecurity between June and August 2021, compared to 628,464 this year according to the projections of the Harmonized Framework figures.
  • 3,453,510 people are in Phase 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency) of food insecurity between June and August 2022 according to forecast figures from the Harmonized Framework.
  • Displacement in Burkina Faso has increased by more than 7,000% since August 2018 (there were then 27,571 IDPs). according to UNHCR), which makes it one of the most dynamic in the world with Mozambique and Ukraine.
  • Pictures and b-roll video of Burkina Faso, including interviews with displaced people, are available free of charge.

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